Parlez-Vous Francais? Visit to The Wolfsonian by FIU Professor and French Club

•March 10, 2017 • Leave a Comment

This past Saturday, The Wolfsonian rare book and special collections library hosted thirteen members of Florida International University’s French club, arranged by Modern Languages Professor Maria Antonieta Garcia. Professor Garcia has been serving as advisor for the French club for a number of years and has regularly organized visits to The Wolfsonian by the club, Le Cercle Francais, and students taking her French Advanced Conversation and French Writing courses.

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For each of these visits, we have endeavored to lay French language materials on the main reading room tables, either specifically designed to complement Professor Garcia’s curricula, or, to provide club members with some fresh and interesting materials.

For the group arriving last Saturday, we pulled a wide variety of French items that had only recently been sent from museum founder Mitchell Wolfson’s apartment in Paris, and had not yet been seen by any scholars or researchers given that we were just beginning to catalog them. Today’s post will highlight just a few of these items.

After the cessation of hostilities of the First World War, Europeans still had to face up to the lingering nightmares, horrors and scars of the carnage. While wartime propaganda lauded and romanticized Red Cross nurses as angels of mercy dedicated to healing and alleviating the suffering of wounded soldiers, one very curious book published immediately in the aftermath of the Great War characterized nurses and the hospitalization experience in a far more macabre light.

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Au Royaume du Bistouris [In the realm of the scalpel] opens with a preface by Marcel Proust and features unflattering cartoon illustrations of unattractive nurses.

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Postwar Paris attracted great authors, artists, and bibliophiles. French publishing houses began catering to collectors of deluxe illustrated books. Some of these featured elaborate Art Deco leather bindings; others features special numbered editions, often inscribed by the author or illustrator, and frequently containing an extra suite of plates at the end of the text block.

One such example put on display for the French club was Albert Samain’s Hyalis: le petit faune aux yeux bleus [Hyalis: the little fawn with blue eyes], published in Paris in 1918.

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As was typical of books of this era, the story drew on classical Greek mythology with characters ranging from satyrs and centaurs to sirens.

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The work was illustrated with reproductions of engravings by Eugene Louis Charpentier (1811-1890) colored by illustrator Gustav Adolf Mossa (1883-1971).

The French club also had the chance to peruse several recent acquisitions that documented France’s overseas empire in the 1920s and 1930s. One of these was the 1926 Annuaire du syndicat des planteurs de caoutchouc de l’Indochine [Annual of the union of rubber tree planters of Indochina]. The beautiful cover illustration shows two Indochinese natives: one wearing a pith helmet as he taps a rubber tree; the other wearing a more traditional hat while driving a tractor.

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The publication is well-illustrated with photogravures of French planters and native agricultural workers.

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Professor Garcia and the French club members were particularly interested in a children’s book on the table: Au Temps où les bêtes parlaient breton: histoire en images et dessins amusants [In the days when animals spoke Breton: story in pictures and fun designs] by Benjamin Rabier; with a Breton adaptation. Published in Landerneau, Bretagne towards the end of the Second World War, the book used cartoons, comic strips, and pictorial wit and humor in its efforts to promote the language and traditions of a region intent on preserving its distinct cultural identity.

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A Wolfsonian Happy Birthday Tribute to Yellowstone National Park

•March 1, 2017 • Leave a Comment

On this day in history, President Ulysses S. Grant signed the bill that established Yellowstone, America’s first national park.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

While Native American peoples had established settlements and hunting camps in the region for many hundreds of years, it wasn’t until 1807 that an Anglo-American fur trapper and mountain man, John Colter, explored the region. When he returned with fantastical tales of picturesque canyons, terraces harboring sulfurous cauldrons of steaming mud, boiling hot geysers that shot up into the heavens, many first regarded his story with skepticism, derisively nicknaming the region “Colter’s Hell.”

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gifts of Howard Gottlieb

It was only after the American Civil War that the U.S. government sponsored formal expeditions into the region. One such exploration led by government geologist Ferdinand Hayden in 1871 included the photographer William Henry Jackson and the landscape artist Thomas Moran. They had been commissioned to visually document the supposed “natural curiosities” and “wonders” of the place.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gifts of Howard Gottlieb

Jackson’s photographs of Yellowstone helped build popular enthusiasm and support for the idea of preserving the region as a public parkland. In 1872, Congress passed a bill to preserve as a “pleasuring-ground” more than 1.2 million acres of public land; President Grant signed the Yellowstone Act into law on this day in 1872.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gifts of Howard Gottlieb

In the early 1900s, the Detroit Photographic Company produced color lithographic prints from William Jackson’s original photographs using the Photochrom process. The railroad industry distributed such reproductions to encourage and promote travel and tourism to the nation’s first national park and other scenic western destinations.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Howard Gottlieb

Souvenir view books with postcard-sized foldouts continued promote domestic tourist travel to Yellowstone and the nation’s growing number of national parks–though by the 1940s, much of that travel was along the highways rather than railways and in private automobiles rather than railroad cars.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gifts of Charles Marshall, Jr.

Later this year, The Wolfsonian–FIU library will be creating an installation of materials such as these to celebrate one hundred years of National Park Service, so stay tuned.

 

Counting Cars: New acquisitions to the Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection at the Wolfsonian-FIU Library

•February 17, 2017 • 2 Comments

For several years now, one of our long-time supporters, Frederic A. Sharf has been donating large swaths of his private library to The Wolfsonian-FIU rare book and special collections library. Fred’s generosity has greatly enriched our holdings of rare propaganda books and photograph albums documenting: the conflicts of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; the rise of the Japanese Empire; and colonial expeditions and projects the world over. Mr. Sharf’s most recent donations to the museum have included airplane, truck, and automobile models, as well as rare books and substantial runs of illustrated automotive magazines. Today’s post dealing with one of those rare periodicals comes to you courtesy of Sharf Associate Librarian Rochelle Pienn. Here is her report:

In New York over half a century ago, my father’s father owned a gas station in Queens while my mother’s father worked as a mechanic in Brooklyn. These professional parallels between my grandfathers were random, as it relates to my parents’ romance. But that is a story for another day.

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The author’s beloved father as a young man in Queens, NY.

The common denominator for Grandpa Morris and Grandpa Angelo, of course, was the car. In the West after World War II, cars symbolized technological triumph, economic progress, and freedom. Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf recently donated more than one hundred issues of The Autocar from this period to the Wolfsonian-FIU Library. The British magazine, first published in 1895 (making it the oldest automobile periodical on record) and still available today, includes in-depth pieces on car companies, reviews of new models, and mechanical insights.

This cover from September 10, 1954 lauds the benefits of buying a Ford. Part of the “Big Three” American car manufacturers in the 1950s, Ford was only second to Chevrolet in automobile sales. Note the wheel in the illustration is on the right, for English drivers.

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

Nine years earlier (and five months after D-Day), the caption on this cover waxes hopeful and poetic over the upcoming Christmas holidays for the Ford owner. The illustration is unusual in that it shows what the lucky driver would see through the windshield, rather than promoting the car itself.

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

The back cover of the same issue is devoted to an advertisement expressing cautious optimism about beginning post-war business.

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

The juxtaposition of the quintessential British beagling and the American Ford parked nearby displays a picturesque post war amity in which the commercial manufacturer can barely keep up with customer demand.

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

A 1950 ad on the back cover of The Autocar proves that America needs British automobile equipment, too.

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

In 1945, car (and car magazine) purchasers were predominately male. The Nuffield Organization, the British umbrella company for both Morris and Austin cars, emphasizes this point by featuring what might visually represent a potential buyer’s wife and daughters (and beloved pup).

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

In another cover illustration, the gentlemanly Morris owner impresses an attractive woman with his spending savvy.

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

Price was (and remains) an important consideration for car-buyers. What would this beauty cost today?

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

In 1954, Lockhead encouraged the consumer to imagine what a car would be like a century into the future. This 2054 model “becomes airborne with the flick of a finger.”

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The Wolfsonian-FIU, Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf Collection

Only thirty-seven more years to go.

Recent Florida International University Class Visits to The Wolfsonian Library

•February 10, 2017 • 1 Comment

As the spring semester at Florida International University got underway, several professors brought their students to The Wolfsonian museum and research library for presentations on subjects related to their courses.

The first of the university student visits included thirty-two students taking my own history course, America & Movies: The Underbelly of America, 1900s to 1950s. The early arrivals were treated to a brief tour of the fifth floor galleries and a perusal of Hugo Gellert’s mural study, Us Fellas Gotta Stick Together, or, The Last Defenses of Capitalism. 

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Afterwards, the entire class sat down in our auditorium to watch Dangerous Hours (1920), a silent film about the first “Red Scare.”

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Courtesy: httpswww.zazzle.comdangerous_hours_1920_vintage_movie_ad_poster-228328546414566102

After critically analyzing the message and film techniques of the movie, the students were taken up to our library to view a display of primary source materials dealing with social problems in the United States in the first half of the twentieth century.

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We began with an examination of a memorial book published soon after President McKinley’s assassination at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York in 1901. Inspired by the fiery speeches of Emma Goldman, a radicalized anarchist by the name of Leon Czolgosz drew out a concealed revolver and shot the president twice while he was shaking hands with the public inside the Temple of Music.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

McKinley died a week later and his body was ceremoniously taken from Buffalo to Washington, and to Canton, Ohio during five days of national mourning. Nine days after the president’s death, his assassin was quickly tried, sentenced to death in the electric chair, and his remains interred in a prison graveyard.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

McKinley’s assassination, the rise of militant unions such as the Wobblies (IWW, or Industrial Workers of the World), and the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917 triggered a Red Scare panic in America.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Promised Gift

At the height of the first Red Scare (1919-1920), Emma Goldman was among 500 radical aliens and “undesirables” rounded up and deported from the country.

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Portrait of Emma Goldman by Alexander Kruse, The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Richard Enkelis, Palo Alto, in memory of Martin Alexander Kruse

While the 1920s are most often referred to as the “Roaring Twenties,” they were also a time of serious social strife. The trial of Italian immigrant anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti began in 1920, and after seven years of retrials and mass demonstrations, ended with their execution on August 23rd, 1927.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

This was also a decade witnessing harsh Jim Crow laws, extreme racial prejudice, and a resurgent Ku Klux Klan carrying out cross-burnings and lynchings to cow “troublesome” Black WWI veterans in the South, and Catholic and Jewish immigrants in northern urban centers. In the Midwest, another white supremacist splinter group known as the Black Legion formed and thrived on growing nativist and anti-immigrant sentiment.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Francis Xavier Luca & Clara Helena Palacio Luca

The passage of Prohibition was intended as another Progressive Era check on the culture and influence of what white Anglo-Saxon Protestants perceived as an influx of “hard drinking” Irish and Italian immigrants. Ironically, attempts at enforcement of the ban on alcohol had the unintended consequences of turning millions of Americans into lawbreakers and encouraging the rise of political graft, corruption, and violent gangsters.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU library collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Francis Xavier Luca & Clara Helena Palacio Luca

The Wolfsonian collection is especially strong in materials documenting the Great Depression and New Deal era, and items displayed for the students covered everything from mass unemployment and urban breadlines to the farming crisis and ecological disaster of the dustbowl.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU library collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Purchased with funds donated by Mitchell Wolfson, Jr.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Francis Xavier Luca & Clara Helena Palacio Luca

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

The “Dirty Thirties” became the “heyday” of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), as leftist radicals redoubled their recruitment efforts by pointing to the decade-long depression as proof of the inevitable collapse of the Capitalist system.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU library collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

While President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal policies put millions of Americans back to work, it was the Second World War that ended the depression by stimulating American production and employment in war industries.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Leonard A. Lauder

Social and racial tensions persisted, however, with African-Americans, immigrants, and women clamoring for better opportunities and respect, even as immigrants were viewed with suspicion and Japanese-Americans on the West Coast were uprooted and sent to internment camps.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Francis Xavier Luca & Clara Helena Palacio Luca

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

While America and the Soviet Union became allies in the common struggle against fascist, Nazi, and Japanese aggression, as soon as the war was won, the old ideological antagonisms reasserted themselves in the Cold War, the Korean conflict, and a second Red Scare.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Promised gift

Not long after my own class visit, FIU Assistant Professor Dan Royles brought the graduate students in his History, Memory, and the Public class to The Wolfsonian library to review some materials on the theme of race and memory. The professor and his students had the opportunity to peruse several primary resource materials regarding the African-American experience in the 1920s; some promoting racist stereotypes, others celebrating the cultural contributions of the “New Negro” and the achievements of the Harlem Renaissance.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU Library Collection

The students were also quizzed about their knowledge of the Scottsboro Boys, nine African-American youths unjustly accused of raping two white girls and subjected to a sham trial in Alabama. The CPUSA took up their legal defense, secured them a retrial, took their case to the Supreme Court, and also organized mass demonstrations across the globe on their behalf in a manner reminiscent of the Sacco and Vanzetti trial of the 1920s. The plight of the Scottsboro Boys was memorialized in pamphlets, magazines, and an unpublished linocut manuscript produced by the CPUSA.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU Library Collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. loan

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The Wolfsonian–FIU Library Collection

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

The Scottsboro propaganda materials were part of the CPUSA’s larger strategy for recruiting African-Americans to the Communist cause.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Francis Xavier Luca & Clara Helena Palacio Luca

The Party’s best-known artist, Hugo Gellert designed illustrated covers and artwork calling attention to the mistreatment and lynching of Blacks in Capitalist America.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Francis Xavier Luca & Clara Helena Palacio Luca

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Gellert also illustrated the dust jacket of a booklet of “Negro Songs of Protest”—plantation, lumber camp, and chain gang music collected by his brother Lawrence and arranged for voice and piano by Elie Siegmaister.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Other left-leaning and socially-conscious artists of the period also used their artwork to push for civil rights and an anti-lynching law. Lynd Ward, an American Socialist, used the wood-engraving technique to produce numerous graphic novels in the 1930s, one of which captured the horrors of a lynching.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

In the same period, the famous designer John Vassos also attacked lynching in his art deco illustrated book, Humanities.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Our last set of university student visitors came to The Wolfsonian library earlier this month with Professor Ebru Ozer. Her class is interested in the US1 and Miami Metrorail and are studying themes such as mobility, highway construction, speed, railways, transportation technology, etc.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Naturally, Professor Ozer was interested in having her students see what we had relating to the construction of roadways and railways both in the United States and abroad.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Francis Xavier Luca & Clara Helena Palacio Luca

Road-building and other labor-intensive infrastructure projects were particularly popular in democratic and totalitarian countries as a means of employing engineers and construction workers during the depression decade. At the same time that President Roosevelt was spending tax dollars on U.S. One and other road and highway projects, Adolf Hitler was promoting the building of the Autobahn in Nazi Germany.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

A number of the students participating in these visits have already scheduled appointments to return to do further research, and we look forward to their and other student visits this semester.

All Aboard! Recent Visit to The Wolfsonian by the SSHSA Board Members

•February 1, 2017 • 1 Comment

On January 21, The Wolfsonian museum hosted a board meeting of the Steamship Historical Society of America. 

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The event was initiated by SSHSA board members Laurence Miller and Thomas Ragan—both long-term supporters of the museum and donors of significant collections in our rare book and special collections library. The Wolfsonian holds approximately 35,000 brochures, deck plans, menus, and other printed matter promoting ocean liner and cruise ship travel from the mid-nineteenth through the twentieth centuries. After completing their business in our conference room, the members were invited to view a display of promotional materials in our library, followed by a guided tour of the galleries. On the fifth floor, our guests had the chance to see Jean Dunand’s La Chasse [The Hunt], two bas-relief copies of the original panels that decorated the men’s smoking room of the great art deco ocean liner, the Normandie.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of The Frederick and Patricia Supper Foundation, Palm Beach, Florida

Today’s post comes to you courtesy of Dr. Laurence Miller—(who has generously donated his time as well as his collection to the museum)—and from our FIU Graduate Research Assistant, Crystal Garcia.

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Thanks to  the generosity of Thomas Ragan, Ms. Garcia has been able to focus exclusively on researching, processing, cataloguing, and updating our bibliographic records for the institution’s steamship and cruise line materials. Here is their report:

Dr. Laurence Miller’s extensive collection at The Wolfsonian consists of ship-related printed materials from the post-World War II period—a perfect complement to the Mitchell Wolfson Jr. collection, which primarily consists of promotional materials from the interwar period.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of Laurence Miller

Dr. Miller is seen in this photograph alongside ship’s Master Captain Vittorio Fabietti taken on board Tropicale during a brief pre-inaugural cruise from the port of Miami in 1981. The Tropicale  was the first ship built by Carnival for the line, and in later years, Captain Fabietti (formerly of the Italian Line) took charge of all new Carnival construction.  The photograph is part of the Carnival Cruise collection which includes brochures, deck plans, and menus ranging from 1972 to 2010.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of Laurence Miller

The Laurence Miller Collection also includes material from the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique, (or French Line). Founded in 1861 by the Péreire Brothers, this line became France’s national flag carrier in the North Atlantic. The Ile de France was one of the line’s most famous ship, and in her final years she was used in cruises sailing from New York to the West Indies. In spite of the ship’s lack of air conditioning and deep draft, her cruises remained popular. The vessel once ran aground in Martinique and had to be towed to Norfolk for repairs.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of Laurence Miller

In the post-World War II period, the Liberte became the new flagship of the French Line. The ship was a war prize, having originally been commissioned as the German Europa. The Wolfsonian has deck plans printed for first, cabin, and tourist classes.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of Laurence Miller

Messageries Maritimes was France’s link to its colonies in the Far East and Indian Ocean. The Felix Roussel sailed from Marseilles to the Orient from 1930 to 1955 and served as an Allied troopship from 1940-47. Large fold-out deck plans were known as “bedsheet” plans because of their size. Obviously, the larger the plan, the more spacious the cabins appeared to be!

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The Laurence Miller Collection at The Wolfsonian is far too comprehensive to describe in full detail in this brief post, so we will finish here with just one more fleet brochure from that collection published for the Union-Castle Line.

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Thanks to the generosity of Thomas Ragan, The Wolfsonian-FIU now has an extensive collection of materials from the Moore-McCormack Lines. Some of these materials from the era of FDR’s “Good Neighbor” policy were displayed in a library installation a few years ago.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of Thomas Ragan

Menu covers for Moore-McCormack’s “Good Neighbor Fleet” featured artwork of the native peoples of the Caribbean and South America by Ada Peacock. This 1950 menu for the S.S. Argentina  offered such interesting breakfast options as deerfoot sausages and finnan haddie.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of Thomas Ragan

Ragan’s contributions to our cruise line holdings also include materials from other steamship companies as well, such as this brochure for the M.S. Victoria. Originally owned by the Union-Castle Line and called the Dunnottar Castle, Incres Lines purchased the ship in 1958 and turned her into one of the finest postwar cruise ships.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of Thomas Ragan

John Henry, a journalist and free-lance author based in New York City, has also donated some of his steamship materials, though the bulk of his collection will come later as a bequest. The brochure for the Royal Mail Lines below provides beautiful color illustrations of the interiors of the R.M.S. Alcantara, which served as a troop ship and armed merchant cruiser during the Second World War before returning to civilian service in 1948.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of John Henry

Ultimately, the Alcantara was sold to Japanese shipbreakers and was scrapped in 1958.

Much of Mr. Henry’s focus was on ships and passenger steamers operating on the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River Valley.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of John Henry

Mr. Henry also collected Union-Castle Line materials, such as this ca. 1949 brochure for the R.M.S. Pretoria Castle and the R.M.S. Edinburgh Castle, two of the larger ships in the Union-Castle fleet.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gift of John Henry

In 1958 the Pretoria was renamed the S.A. Oranje where she served with Safmarine until 1975 though in the same mail service to South Africa in coordination with the Union Castle Line.

It is also worth noting that Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf have over the years donated some wonderful ship materials as well, including some hand-illustrated logbooks from the ships that helped Britannia rule the waves in the glory days of empire in the 1880s.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gifts of Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf

Other Sharf gifts include some “Round the World” cruise materials, including a logbook for the Red Star Line’s S.S. Belgenland world cruise in 1927/1928 and a 1930s brochure for the Cunard Line’s R.M.S. Franconia.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Gifts of Jean S. and Frederic A. Sharf

The Franconia was the second of three Cunard liners bearing this name. With the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, she became a troop ship and took part in the Norwegian campaign. She also served as a communications ship for the Yalta Conference.

All of these promotional materials and logbooks complement without duplicating the rich selection of ship-related materials originally amassed by our museum founder, Mitchell Wolfson Jr,, who concentrated his own collecting efforts primarily on the interwar years. Mr. Wolfson collected objects and artifacts, such as this barometer for the Norddeutscher Lloyd shipping company’s Bremen (1933) and this pitcher inspired by the prow of the French Line’s fast and luxurious S.S. Normandie.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Mr. Wolfson continues to add to the collection as well, as is attested to by following promotional materials for various steamship lines.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Promised Gifts

 

Introducing A Very Wolfsonian Excursion to Havana

•January 27, 2017 • Leave a Comment

Last evening I had the great pleasure of attending a Wolfsonian Director’s Circle exclusive “Prelude to a Night in Havana.” It was an evening of Cuban art appreciation, live music and dance, topped off with tapas, rum tasting, and hand-rolled cigars hosted by the Cubaocho Museum and Performing Arts Center in Little Havana.

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The night’s festivities were designed to celebrate an upcoming 5-day tour of Old Havana, April 5-9, 2017, to be conducted by Rosa Lowinger, conservator, author of Tropicana Nights, and co-curator of The Wolfsonian exhibition, Promising Paradise: Cuban Allure, American Seduction. Last evening’s tour party kick off was co-hosted by Wolfsonian board members Louise Levin and Jill Otto, with the generous support of Cubaocho founders Yeney and Roberto Ramos.

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It would have been difficult to find a better venue than Cubaocho for the celebrations and a preview of Old Havana’s offerings. Guests had the privilege of perusing the great Cuban art hanging on the walls, ceilings—(and framed tables!)—while sipping free mojitos, downing tapas, listening to live music, and watching even livelier dance performances!

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While The Wolfsonian is renowned for its collection of European art, architecture, and design, the museum has always been interested in the art and culture of the Americas as well. Just one year after opening to the public in November, 1995, The Wolfsonian published a Cuba theme issue of the Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts.  This 291 page tome celebrated Havana’s modern architecture and public works, and highlighted the work of modern magazine illustrators like Conrado W. Massaguer (art director of Social), and internationally-celebrated artists like Enríque Riverón and Amelia Peláez.

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               Brochure by and photograph of Conrado W. Massaguer

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Habana Hilton with mural by Amelia Peláez

The Wolfsonian-FIU, Vicki Gold Levi Promised Gifts

Following the publication with Steve Heller of Cuba Style: Graphics from the Golden Age of Design in 2002, Cuban ephemera hunter extraordinaire Vicki Gold Levi gifted more than 500 rare periodicals, advertisements, and other items related to the U.S.-Cuba tourist trade to our museum library.

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The WolfsonianFIU, Vicki Gold Levi Collection

Vicki has since made a promised gift of another 1,300 Cuba-themed promotional materials and vintage photographs—items that Rosa Lowinger and I tapped in jointly curating the exhibition Promising Paradisewhich opened last May and closed in late August, 2016.

http://labs.wolfsonian.org/exhibits/cuba/pano/cubatour/tour.html

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Mary Tyler Moore (19362017)

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The WolfsonianFIU, Vicki Gold Levi Promised Gifts

Those interested in learning more about the up-and-coming five-day tour of Havana are encouraged to contact Andrew Nelson at: anelson@thewolf.fiu.edu

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TROUBLED U.S.-RUSSIAN RELATIONS, FROM 1917 TO TODAY: A WOLFSONIAN REFLECTION

•December 30, 2016 • Leave a Comment

As the United States prepares to inaugurate a new chief executive, relations with Russia made news this week as outgoing U.S. President Barrack Obama imposed new sanctions and expelled thirty-five Russian intelligence operatives after C.I.A. and other U.S. intelligence agencies accused Russian President Vladimir Putin of orchestrating cyberattacks aimed at deliberately interfering in U.S. presidential elections this past November. Even as Russian Foreign Minister Sergey V. Lavrov recommended a retaliatory expulsion of U.S. diplomats, President Putin surprised almost everyone this morning when he decided not to pursue what he called “irresponsible diplomacy.” Instead, a statement from the Kremlin called for patience and restraint in responding to the new U.S. sanctions, placing their hopes for a “restoration of Russian-American relation” on the “policies carried out by the administration of President Trump.”

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Courtesy of Her Telden Paylasimlar

It is in this context of revived tensions in U.S.-Russian foreign relations that I thought I would reflect on past strained relations this day in history, 1922, when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was officially established in the wake of the Russian revolution of 1917 and the subsequent Civil war.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Purchased with funds donated by Mitchell Wolfson, Jr.

Ironically, problems in U.S.-Russian relations first arose with the advent to power of another Vladimir. The abdication of the autocratic Czar in March 1917 and the establishment of the Provisional Government under Alexander Kerensky was originally viewed by most American officials as a welcomed regime change. Relations between Russian and the Western powers became strained rather quickly once Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) and his Bolshevik revolutionaries engineered a new revolution.

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Gift of Steven Heller

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The Wolfsonian–FIU, Purchased with funds donated by Mitchell Wolfson, Jr.

Having joined the Allies in the war against Germany in 1917, American officials were distressed to learn that Lenin had been deliberately sent back to his homeland by the Germans in order to destabilize Kerensky’s Provisional Government and to bring an end to the conflict on the Eastern Front.

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Cartoon by Louis Raemaekers (1869-1956)

The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

The fact that Lenin accepted financial support from, and was sent back to Russia aboard a sealed railroad car provided by the Germans, led credence to Allied fears that Lenin was a puppet of the German High Command. On his first day in office, Lenin’s regime began truce negotiations with the Germans in which the Bolsheviks agreed to surrender large swaths of territory in the Ukraine, Finland, and three Baltic states—though they subsequently annulled the deal after Germany’s capitulation to the Allies in November, 1918.

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Cartoon by Louis Raemaekers (1869-1956)

The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

If German interference in Russia’s post-revolutionary succession prompted the first strain in U.S.-Russian relations in the 20th century, further tensions developed after the U.S. militarily intervened on behalf of the anti-Bolshevik forces fighting in the Russian Civil War that followed.

Posters and propaganda art created after the establishment of the Soviet Union in 1922 reflects some of the East-West animosity that had developed.

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Poster artwork by Vlacheslav Polonskii (1886-1932)

The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Much as Vladimir Putin has played to fears in his country against a Western conspiracy to meddle in Russian domestic affairs as a means of building support for his own belligerent policies, the early Soviet state stressed in these patriotic appeals the need for domestic solidarity in the fight against foreign enemies and domestic saboteurs supposedly eager to bring down the Red regime.

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Poster artwork by Vlacheslav Polonskii (1886-1932)

The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Given the poor literacy rates in Russia in 1922, these propaganda appeals used cartoonish or Constructivist imagery on poster art to get the message out to the people.

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Poster artwork by Vlacheslav Polonskii (1886-1932)

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Placards by Vladimir Ivanovich Lebedev (1894-1966) for the show windows of ROSTA

(Russian Telegraph Agency) in St. Petersburg for agitation purposes, 1917-1922

The Wolfsonian–FIU, Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection

Today’s equivalent of these early “interference” and propaganda campaigns still occur, but now the players increasingly resort to stealth cyber hacking attacks and public cartoon commentary delivered over the internet rather than on paper posters.

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Courtesy of Dana Summers, Tribune Content Agency